Saturday, February 26, 2011

The Day the Sun Stood Still

The Day the Sun Stood Still
Eric Larrabee
Eric Larrabee, a Harper's editor at the time (January 1950).
The Old Testament describes an event over Palestine, when the Hebrew tribes were led into the battle of Beth-Horon by Joshua. "And he said in the sight of Israel, Sun, stand thou still upon Gibeon; and thou, Moon, in the valley of Ajalon. And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies. Is this not written in the Book of Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day."
The sun over Gibeon was in the forenoon sky. It would have been night or very early morning in the Western hemisphere.
There is a Mexican tradition, recorded in the Nahua-Indian in the Annals of Cuauhtitlan, that once in the remote past the night did not end for a long time. Friar Bernardino de Sahagun, a Spanish scholar who came to the New World a generation after Columbus, wrote that the American aborigines told of a great catastrophe, in which the sun had risen only a little way above the horizon, and then stood still. These are but two of the many traditions from all parts of the world which refer to a disturbance in the earth's orderly rotation.
It is conceivable that a large celestial body approaching the earth could exert an attraction sufficiently powerful to slow down its turning and make the sun appear to stop in the sky. The heads of comets are assumed to be composed of clusters of meteorites. If a comet were to come close to the earth, it would accompanied by meteors falling in a torent. The Old Testament, two verses above the description in the Book of Joshua of the sun standing still, contains the following passage: "As they fled from before Israel, and were going down to Beth-Horan... the Lord cast down great stones upon them in Azekah, and they died..."
In a book to be published in a few weeks called Worlds in Collision, Dr. Immanuel Velikovsky will present a great body of evidence to show that about 1500 B.C. a comet, a new member of the solar system, did pass close to the earth. This he places at the time of the Exodus of the Israelites from Egypt. Fifty-two years later, at the time of Joshua, the same comet returned. At both of these two meetings with the comet, in Dr. Velikovsky's words, "according to the memory of mankind, the earth refused to play the chronometer by undisturbed rotation on its axis." Worlds in Collision is the first of four or more volumes in which the same author will maintain that not only on these two occasions but many times has the earth undergone vast and disastrous catatclysms in which its rotation was interrupted.
This article is an attempt, necessarily condensed and incomplete, to offer a preview of Dr. Velikovsky's findings. It is impossible to give here any idea of the extent of the material he has assembled to substantiate his argument. In the descriptions which follow, for every piece of evidence mentioned, Worlds in Collision, the first volume alone, contains scores more; and every statement in the book is supplied with numerous references.
Dr. Velikovsky's work crosses so many of the jurisdictional boundaries of learning that few experts could check it against their own competence. The main body of evidence in Worlds in Collision is historical, and the details are drawn from - among other sources - the Old Testament, the Talmud, the Egyptian papyri, the historical texts, traditions, and the legends of Rome, Greece, Babylonia, Arabia, Persia, India, Tibet, Finland, Iceland, West Africa, Siberia, China, Japan, the Pacific Islands, Mexico, and Peru. Dr. Velikovsky describes the area of his investigations as "anthropology in the broadest sense," concerning itself with "the nature of the cosmos and its history."
This universal student was born in Vitebsk, Russia in 1895. He studied natural sciences at Edinburgh, and law, economics, and history in Russia. He studied medicine at the Moscow Imperial University and medical law at the University of Charcow. Later he received his M.D. in Moscow.
During the early twenties he studied biology in Berlin. He foundede and edited the Scripta Universitatis, a joint work of Jewish scholars out of which grew the University of Jerusalem. Dr. Chaim Weizmann asked Dr. Velikovsky to direct the inception of that University, but he declined and in 1923 went to Palestine, where he practiced as a physician. Beginning in 1928 he studied psychoanalysis and the function of the brain in Zurich and Vienna, with Eugen Bleuler, Wilhelm Stekel, Alfred Adler, and other pioneers in the field. In 1937 he delivered an address to the International Psychological Congress, "On Psychological Roots of Hatred Among the Nations," and in 1939, five weeks before war broke out, he came to this country.
Dr. Velikovsky brought with him to America an unfinished book on Freud and His Heroes. In the study of Moses and Ikhnaton in preparation for this work, he came upon the idea that great physical catastrophes might be used to synchronize the the records of the ancient peoples of the Near East, and before the end of 1940 the main outlines of his work were clear. It is so far composed of Worlds in Collision, a natural history of the world catastrophes, and of two further volumes called Ages in Chaos. The latter (completed first though they will be published second) contain the elaborately documented rewriting of ancient history assumed in Worlds in Collision. "I ask a credence of the reader," says Dr. Velikovsky, "that he allow me to use this chronology until Ages in Chaos is published." He has been working on both books concurrently for the past nine years.
Professor Horace M. Kallen, former dean of the New School For Social Research, was among the first to read the manuscript of Worlds in Collision. "Even if I thought that Velikovsky's theories were entirely ungrounded," writes Professor Kallen of Velikovsky's historical and archaeological work, "I would treat them as an extraordinary achievement of the scientific and historical imgination....But it is myt belief that Velikovsky has supported his thesis with substantial evidence and made an effective and persuasive argument." Gordon A. Atwater, curator of the Hayden Planetarium, wrote to the Macmillan Company that, "the theories presented by Dr. Velikovsky are unique and should be presented to the world of science in order that the underpinning of modern science can be re-examined....I believe the author has done an outstanding job. In fact, he has gone beyond what normally be expected of a single individual."
The comet, at the first of the two meetings reconstructed in Worlds in Collision, touched the earth with its gaseous tail, and one of the first signs of the encounter was a rain of fine, rusty pigment. The world turned red. “All the waters that were in the river,” reads the Book of Exodus, “were turned to blood.” The Manuscript Quiche’ of the Mayas tells of the rivers turning to blood, and so does the Papyrus Ipuwer of the Egyptians. Then, as the story continues in the Visuddhi-Magga of the Buddhists, the fine dust turned to coarse dust, “and then fine sand, and then coarse sand, and then grit, stones, up to boulders as large... as mighty trees on the hilltops.”
And with the shower of meteorites the earth stopped turning.
It came to rest so faced to the sun that a long night, darkened by the cosmic refuse sweeping in from interplanetary space, fell on Europe, Africa, the Americas, and the valleys of the Euphrates and the Indus. The Babylonians, the tribes of the Sudan, the Finns, the Greeks, the Peruvians, and the American Indians all have traditions of a long night accompanying a catastrophe which the earth did not survive. Further east, the Iranians saw the sun suspended several days in the sky. In china, it is said that in the reign of the Emperor Yahou the sun did not set for a number of days and all the forests burned.
We suppose that if the earth stopped turning it would destroy itself, as HG Wells imagined it would when his “man who could work miracles” commanded the same act. Our idea of momentum - and the Law of Gravitation, about which Dr. Velikovsky has much to say - leads us to assume that the earth’s surface would fly onward in the direction of its rotation and be torn apart. A great global catastrophe, with seas and continents changing their places,is in fact described in the traditions of mankind. The world gave every sign to its inhabitants of being on the brink of destruction.
Approached by the body of the comet, the earth was forced out of its regular motion; a major shock convulsed its entire surface. The major shift in the atmosphere caused by the approach of the comet and the stasis of the planet, itself produced hurricanes of enormous velocity and force. “The face of the earth changed,” writes Dr. Velikovsky, summarizing the Mayan account from the Manuscript Troano, “mountains collapsed, other mountains grew and rose over the onrushing cataract of water driven from the oceanic spaces, numberless rivers lost their beds, and a wild tornado moved through the debris descending from the sky.”
The human population was decimated and many species of animals perished entirely. The surface of the earth burst. Three Mexican manuscripts tell how everywhere in the Western hemisphere new mountains came into being. New volcanos opened and fissures in the flat land threw forth fire and smoke and liquid basalt. The rivers steamed and the sea boiled. The Zendi-Avesta of the Persians says that a star made the sea boil. The Polynesians say that a star caused new islands to appear.
It was the tenth plague of Egypt, the night of Passover, when the Lord passed over the huts of the Israelites and struck the mansions of the Egyptians (the light rush houses would survive and earthquake more easily than heavy stone ones). “There was not a house where there was not one dead,” says the Book of Exodus, and St. Jerome wrote that “in the night in which Exodus took place, all the temples of Egypt were destroyed either by an earth shock or by the thunderbolt.” The head of the comet cam close to the earth, breaking through the darkness of the dust cloud, and the Hebrew tradition tells that the last night of the Jews in Egypt was as bright as the noon of the summer solstice.
The blow fell at midnight. Dr. Velikovsky observes in passing that as the israelites counted the days from sunset it was for them the 14th Aviv; and, ever since, the Passover has been celebrated on the fourteenth day of the first month of spring. The Egyptians counted from sunrise, as we do, and for them it was the 13th Thout, a day forever after unlucky. As for the thirteenth of any month, said the Egyptians, “thou shalt not do anything on this day.” The Aztecs also counted the day from sunrise, and in their calendar it was noted that on the 13th Olin, a month called “earthquake,” a new world age had come into being.
When a comet encounters a planet, it may become entangled and drawn from its path, then forced into a new orbit, and finally liberated. This is what happened to Lexell’s comet, which was captured by Jupiter and its moons in 1767 and did not free itself until 1779. Some form of balance between attraction and inertia was maintained for twelve years; Jupiter and the comet did not crash together. Neither, according to Dr. Velikovsky’s thesis, did the earth and the comet that came near it in 1500 b.c. They exchanged discharges of electrical potential.
The action of the sun and the moon on the earth produces the ocean tides. If the earth were to slow down, the seas would first recede toward the poles; but the attraction of a large comet close to the earth would draw them back toward itself and heap them high in the air. The story of the seas divided and then rising to break over the land is widespread. The Choctaw Indians say that when the land was in darkness a bright light appeared in the north, “but it was mountain-high waves, coming nearer”; the Peruvians say that the ocean left the shore and inundated the continent; the Chinese annals say that in the reign of the Emperor Yahou a great tidal wave broke over the mountains into the Chinese Empire and flooded the land for decades.
The tides carried huge rocks along them. For instance, the Madison Boulder, near Conway, New Hampshire, is a ten-thousand-ton piece of granite quite different from the bedrock beneath it. An early nineteenth century explanation of this and other “erratic” boulders was that great tidal waves, originating in the north, must have swept the rocks and geologic till (clay, mud and gravel) across the land. According to the calculations based on the amount erosion under them, the boulders were deposited in their places less than six thousand years ago. It has been assumed that the stones were drawn along by the glacial ice sheet, but the disquieting fact is that accumulations of rock were moved from lower latitudes to higher latitudes - and even uphill toward the Himalaya, through the existing glaciers push stones down, not up, the slopes.
At the Sea of the Passage the Israelite tribes saw the water drawn aside and heaped up in a double tide; and, after they crossed, the waters of the Mediterranean fell and broke into the Red Sea ina great wave. “It was an unusual event,” writes Dr. Velikovsky, “and because it was unusual it became the most impressive recollection in the long history of this people. All peoples and nations were blasted by the same fire and shattered in the same fury. The tribes of Israel on the shore of a sea found in this annihilation their salvation from bondage. They escaped destruction but their oppressors perished before their eyes. They extolled their Creator, took upon themselves the burden of moral rules, and considered themselves chosen for a great destiny.”
Here is what Dr. Velikovsky’s description of the pageant that took place in the sky:
When the tidal waves reached their highest point, and the seas were torn apart, a tremendous spark flew between the earth and the globe of the comet, which instantly pushed down the miles-high billows. Meanwhile, the tail of the comet and its head, having become entangled with each other by their close contact with the earth, exchanged violent discharges of electricity. It looked like a battle between the brilliant globe and the dark column of smoke. In the exchange of electrical  potentials, the tail and the head were attracted one to the other and repelled one from the other. From the serpent like tail extensions grew, and it lost the form of a column. It now looked like a furious animal with legs and many heads. The discharges tore the column to pieces, a process that was accompanied by the brilliant globe buried in the sea, or wherever the meteorites fell. The gases of the tail subsequently enveloped the earth.
To the peoples of the earth below who witnessed this spectacle, the head of the comet and its tail seemed to be two separate bodies, The bright globe fought the “crooked serpent” and destroyed it, thus saving the world from further harm. It would be difficult, Dr. Velikovsky writes, “to find a people or a tribe on earth that does not have the same motif at the very focus of its religious beliefs.” The great spark that flew between the comet and Earth is remembered as the bolt of lightning, placed in the hand of a god who threw this thunderbolt at a world overwhelmed by water and fire: Zeus of the Greeks, Odin of the Icelanders, Ukko of the Finns, Wotan of the Germans, Mazda of the Persians, Marduk of the Babylonians, Siva of the Hindus. The pattern of conflict between the comet and its tail takes almost identical form in the battles of Zeus with Typhon, Isis with Seth, Vishnu with the Serpent, Indra with Rahu, marduk with Tiamat, Ormuzd with Ahriman. “A terrible comet was seen by the people of Ethiopia and Egypt,” wrote Pliny in his Natural History, “to which Typhon , the king of that period gave his name; it had a fiery appearance and was twisted like a coil, and it was very grim to behold; it was not really a star so much as what might be called a ball of fire.”
The earth was wrapped for decades in the gases of the comet and the dust of exploding volcanoes. No green thing could grow. The chinese called this time the Valley of Obscurity and the Somber Residence; the Nordics called it the Twilight of the Gods. According to the Annals of Cuauhtitlan there was darkness in Mexico for twenty-five years. The American Indians say that it was not until the fifteenth year that plants would bloom. And for the Hebrew tribes, who had been led out of bondage by the pillar of smoke by day and of fire by night, this was the Shadow of Death.
How did mankind live when nothing grew? The tail of a comet is composed of carbon and hydrogen gases, and these elements were in suspension in the earth’s atmosphere after the comet departed. The Hindu Vedas, the egyptian papyri, and the Hebrew legends say that the wind smelled sweet, and eventually the carbohydrates combining in the air precipitated. mankind fed on morning dew, say the Icelandic traditions, and the Vedas tell of the honey-lash falling - as the Greeks say ambrosia all fell - from the clouds. Where the honey-frost fell on the waters, it turned them milky and sweet. Ovid, the Vedas, and the Egyptians say the rivers flowed with milk and honey. The precipitate also fell among the Israelites, they called it Manna.
The astronomical records of the ancient past raise perplexing issues. A scholar who examined the computations of the longest and shortest shadows observed at noontime in China about 1100 B.C. remarked that “they do not really represent the true lengths.” The Hindu astronomical tables compiled by the Brahmans show a uniform error of 21 degrees 46’. The astronomical tablets of of Babylon of the eighth century B.C. present three different schedules of planetary motion. The Venus Tables of Babylon, excavated by Sir henry Layard from the ruins of the library of Ashurbanipal at Nineveh, show an irregular behavior of the planet Venus that differs from modern observations not by minutes but by weeks and months. The water clock of the Amon Temple of Karnak is consistently inaccurate for day and night, at any season, in the latitudes of Egypt. The shadow clock found at Fayum, Egypt, originating in the eight century B.C., will not show time correctly at Fayum or anywhere else in Egypt. And in the tomb of Senmut, the architect of Queen Hatshepsut of Egypt, there is an astronomical panel in the ceiling which refers to an earlier period; it is completely reversed and shows Orion Sirius group proceeding in the wrong direction.
Dr. Velikovsky presents historical evidence that these ancient records were not incorrect at the time when they were made. Astronomers will find this particular suggestion difficult to take, as the calculations of contemporary astronomy are precise and the play of mechanical forces on which they are based has been well understood for over two hundred years. Celestial mechanics, in fact, is one of the few sciences that has not been rudely disturbed by the discoveries of the past century, for the behavior of the solar system can be predicted so accurately on mechanical principles that no one has been able to replace them by another. Even with the tiny discrepancies which need the modification of the Theory of Relativity, the planets follow the immutable Law of Gravitation. They roll on and on, but only because the primevil inertia implanted within them.
Dr. Velikovsky willingly conceded that the behavior of the earth and the comet in his description is not in accord with the celestial mechanics of Newton. Indeed, it invites skepticism as to the infallibility of the law of Gravitation, a law heretofore so firmly established that it has never been successfully combined into one system with the laws of electromagnetics. It is Dr. Velikovsky’s contention that over three thousand years ago Nature performed a great experiment, in which it was demonstrated that the electromagnetic laws are as supreme in the heavens as they are inside the atom.
Niels Bohr was one of the first to compare the atom with the sun and the planets. The nucleus is like the sun, and the electrons are like the planets - but in applying the quantum theory to the atom it was found that things happen inside it that are not supposed to happen in the solar system. John J. O’Neill, science editor of the New york Herald Tribune, has written this description of the atom’s peculiarities:
In the atom, electrons revolve around the nucleus of the atom in a quiet, orderly, orbital, rotation, just like the earth moving around the sun, and may go through billions of rotations, or atomic years, without any major changes taking place. Suddenly the atom emits a quantum of energy, and [an] electron drops to an orbit nearer the nucleus, where its “year” is shorter, or the reverse may happen: a quantum of energy is absorbed by the atom, and [an] electron jumps to a higher, or outer orbit, where its year is longer.
In the same article from which this quotation is taken, Mr. O’Neill discussed the probable impact of Dr. Velikovsky’s research on the comfortable assumption that the planets and the jumping electron have nothing gin common. “Dr. Velikovsky finds evidence for new planets appearing in the sky,” wrote Mr. O’Neill, “and for the earth being struck by and passing through tails of comets.... [His work] presents a stupendous panorama of terrestrial and human history which will stand as a challenge to scientists to frame a realistic picture of the cosmos.
A charged body which rotates creates a magnetic field. The sun is a charged body, and it rotates, and charged particles arrive from it in a continuous stream. The earth is a charged body, and it rotates, and it possesses a magnetic field. If the magnetic field of the sun were to govern the earth’s motion, then after an encounter with a comet the earth could resume its rotation, though on a changed orbit. If it is true that the comet and the earth exchanged electrical discharges, as Dr. Velikovsky maintains that they did, then there may be even reason to suppose that the earth’s “inertia” is electrical in character. How do we know that the earth and the planets are so different from the electrons inside the atom. The answer has been phrased thus: “We do not read in the morning paper that Saturn and Mars have changed their places.” But we do read in the ancient records, says Dr. Velikovsky, that Venus, mars, and Earth have changed theirs.
Venus is the Morning and the Evening Star. It is the most conspicuous of the planets. Early astronomers observed its motion with great care, and the Mexicans computed the day when they thought the world would end by a cycle of fifty-two years based on Venus. So bright is Venus in the sky, in fact, that it is most remarkable to fin no record of its existence prior to the second millennium B.C.
Early Babylonian astronomy counted four planets and four only - Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, and Mercury. In the Hindu table of the planets attributed to 3012 B.C., Venus alone is missing, and it is said that the Brahmans “never mentioned five planets.” Later Venus is called “the great star that joins the other great stars” by the Babylonians. In all traditions the Morning Star is described as having a special birth, an event of great significance to the Tahitians, the Eskimos, and the Buriats, the Kirghiz, and the Yakuts of Siberia, as well as to more sophisticated peoples. Hesiod said the Phaeton, whose name means blazing star, drove the chariot of the sun too close to the earth, disturbing its rotation and was later changed into the Morning Star. The Chinese tell of a “brilliant Star” that appeared in the region of Yahou, and a Samaritan chronicle says that during the invasion of palestine by Joshua “a star arose out of the east against which all magic is in vain.” At the time of great catastrophes, Quetzalcoatl, the Venus of the Mayans, appeared in the sky for the first time. And the Chaldeans and the Chinese are in agreement that Venus “rivaled the sun in brightness.”
Dr. Velikovsky brings strong evidence to bear that the comet which so terrorized the earth was in fact the planet Venus - newly born, by eruption from a larger planet. While is was still a comet, Venus wandered erratically, which is why its course was so closely watched, why the Venus Tablets of Nineveh do not seem to make sense, and why the appearance of a comet has always aroused premonitions of disaster everywhere in the world. The dreaded comet Venus that was later to become a planet had many names -- Tistrya, Ishtar, Astarte, Isis, Baal, Beelzebub, Lucifer. Often it was confused with Jupiter (Isis in Egypt and Ishtar in Babylon were first names for Venus), for Jupiter was the planet from which Venus erupted as a planet.
Student of Greek and Roman mythology may object that according to legend it was Pallas Athene, or Minerva, who “sprang full grown from the brow of Jupiter.” The classical scholar may wonder, however, why Greek mythology contains no deity for the planet Venus and no planet for the deity Pallas Athene. The Greek equivalent of the Roman “Venus” was Aphrodite, who was identified with the Moon. The answer, once known but long forgotten, is that Pallas Athene was the Greek name for the planet Venus. (Plutarch said that Minerva of the Romans and Athene of the Greeks were the same as Isis of the Egyptians; Pliny said that Isis was the planet Venus.) The birth of Pallas Athene was “a day of wrath in all the calendars of ancient Chaldea.” During the birth of Athene, described in a Homeric hymn, the earth reeled and the sun stopped for a “long while”.
For many centuries the inhabitants of the earth were in such fear of Venus that human sacrifice was practiced in both hemispheres in the hope of placating its wrath. The Mexicans were so profoundly affected by the fifty-two year interval between Venus’ two encounters with the earth the they adopted the period in their calendar and made bloody sacrifices to Quetzalcoatl - the feathered serpent” who was identified with the Morning Star - when fifty-two years passed without harm. The years of terror lasted until the seventh century B.C. Venus, as the result of an encounter with another body, took up its present orbit and changed from a wild comet to a tame planet. Venus’ flirtation with another planet - that is, with Mars -- is a common theme in mythology. This meeting, a battle of Athene with the God of War, is described in the lliad, a conflict in the heavens which took place at the same time as the siege of Troy, “It is the conjunction of venus and Mars,” wrote Kucien, “that created the poetry of Homer.
The encounter between Venus and Mars disturbed Mars’ orbit, and at intervals of fifteen years Mars also passed close to the earth. On two days in particular - February 26, 747 B.C. and March 23, 687 B.C. - Mars caused a repetition of the earlier catastrophes on a smaller scale. In the year 747 B.C. a new calendar was introduced in the Middle East. It began on the 26th of February, and in the calendar of Mexico the 26th of February was also counted as New Year’s Day. It is during this period that the worship of Mars came into prominence among peoples whose institutions were not fully formed. The Romans had a vigorous cult of mars and regarded Mars as their national god, the founder of their state, and father of Romulus. The chief celebration of the Roams mars cult was on the 23rd of March. On the night of the 23rd of March, 687 B.C., the army of Sennacherib, the Assyrian king who invaded Palestine, was destroyed by a blast of fire from the sky. “On the 23rd of March, 687 B.C.,” wrote Edouard Biot in his catalogue of the meteors which were observed in ancient China, the fixed stars were not visible but, “in the middle of the night stars fell like rain.”
The battle between Venus and Mars ended with Venus, shorn of its power to disturb humankind, rotating on the the serene orbit it now occupies. Venus seemed to have fallen from its earlier eminence. This was the period of the Hebrew Prophets, men of astronomical skill who from watchtowers built in Judea, as elsewhere in the East (“Watchman, what of the night?”) recorded and predicted Mars’ fifteen-year approach to the earth and warned the people and their kings of coming catastrophes. After an upheaval that took place in the eighth century B.C., “Isaiah, Joel, Hosea, and Micah insisted unanimously and with great emphasis on the inevitability of another encounter of the earth with some cosmic body.” Their prophecies were fulfilled on the days when Mars came close to the earth and moved it from its place.
Finally they observed that a hated enemy - Beelzebub, the Morning Star, who had provoked pagan worship - was no longer powerful. Venus, which had “weakened the nations” and had tried to ascend on high, was cut down to the ground. “How art thou fallen from heaven,” wrote Isaiah, “Oh Lucifer, son of the morning.”
The history of the calendar is often used to exhibit the conquest of ignorance. Gradually the errors seem to have been removed from its first primitive efforts to codify time, until now we pride ourselves on a system that closely approximates the actual movements of the earth and its moon. Yet it is curious that the ancients should have used such hopelessly inaccurate calendars when their measurements of celestial motion were so carefully made. The Mexicans knew that the synodical moon period consists of 29.5209 days, a computation more exact than that of the Gregorian calendar, which was not introduced into Europe until long after America was discovered.
The introduction of a new calendar in 747 B.C. indicates to Dr. velikovsky that the orbit of the earth - the length of the year, the months, and the seasons - had actually changed. Previous to this time the Chinese, the Hindus, the persians, the Assyrians, the Babylonians, the Israelites, the Egyptians, the Romans,and the Mayans all used a calendar of twelve lunations of thirty days each, a year of 360 days. During the period of Mars’ meetings with the earth, the length of the seasons changed repeatedly, but at some time during the seventh century B.C. all these nations add five days to their calendars. The Persians called the five days Gatha days, the Egyptians' called them “the days which are above the year”, and the Mayans called them the “days without a name”. If the earlier calendars were merely mistakes, then in a man’s lifetime and error would have accumulated of an entire year, a dislocation in harvest cycles which could not have been ignored even in the most primitive of agricultural societies.
But more than the development of the calendar hangs on the assumption we make today: that the earth has rotated through millions of uninterrupted years, each consisting of 365 days, 5 hours and 48 minutes. Philosophy, science, religion - there is scarcely an area of knowledge or conviction invulnerable to Dr. Velikovsky’s detailed and documented denial that the earth’s history has been one of peaceful evolution. The long erosions of wind and rain, the slow buckling and folding of sedimented rock, and the infinitely graduated series of the developing species have hitherto provided a background of certainty. Now these orderly images have been challenged, and in their place a scholar has offered a basis of evidence for the astonishing pattern of catastrophe implicit in the world traditions. “If Velikovsky’s thesis should withstand the test of time and become generally accepted,” Clifton Fadiman writes, “revolutionary consequences ensue; and prevailing views in a dozen fields - including evolution, mythology, gravitation, and particularly classical and Biblical history - will have to be radically revised”.
“Collective amnesia” is the phrase Dr. Velikovsky uses to describe the “psychological phenomenon ...[in which] the most terrifying events of the past may be forgotten or displaced into the subconscious mind,” obscuring the real meaning of many archaeological discoveries and historical texts. Trained in psychoanalysis as well as in history, he is aware of the parallel between the reconstruction of buried events from the past of an individual and his own effort to bring to light the shattering experiences that affected all mankind.
In view of the cosmic upheavals of the past, our own time of trouble is dwarfed. There is also a hidden purpose in Dr. Velikovsky's book, a warning to the world that threatens to explode with hatred among the nations: the cosmic catastrophes may repeat themselves. “This world will be destroyed;” reads a passage from the Visuddhi-Magga which serves as motto for his final chapter, “also the mighty ocean will dry up; and this broad earth will be burned up. Therefore, sirs, cultivate friendliness; cultivate compassion.”
Bringing to this perspective all the apparatus of learning - from astronomy and physics to folklore, religion, geology, paleontology, biology and psychology - Dr. Velikovsky has undertaken the awesome task of making an “inquiry in the architectonics of the world and its history” and of applying the techniques of scholarship and psychoanalysis to the entire human race.

"Sunspots and Human Behavior"

Borderland Sciences has been investigating the relationship of the Sun and human behaviour for many years, and we are quite confident that we can predict behaviours based on sunspot fluctuations over very short and long durations within the Solar Cycle of 11 years. Historically, research has been conducted to link the 11 year cycle of the sun to changes in human behavior and society. The most famous research had been done by professor A.L. Tchijevsky, a Russian scientist, who presented a paper to the American Meteorological Society at Philadelphia in the late 19th century. He prepared a study of the history of mass human movement compared to the solar cycle, beginning with the division of the Solar cycle into four parts:
1) Minimum sunspot activity;
2) increasing sunspot activity;
3) maximum sunspot activity;
4) Decreasing sunspot activity.
He then divided up the agitation of mass human movements into five phases:"
1) provoking influence of leaders upon masses
2) the "exciting" effect of emphasized ideas upon the masses
3) the velocity of incitability due to the presence of a single psychic center
4) the extensive areas covered by mass movements
5) Integration and individualization of the masses
By these comparisons he constructed an "Index of Mass Human Excitability" covering each year from 500 B.C. to 1922 A.D.
He investigated the histories of 72 countries in that period, noting signs of human unrest such as wars, revolutions, riots, expeditions and migrations, plus the number of humans involved.
Tchijevsky found that fully 80% of the most significant events occurred during the years of maximum sunspot activity. He maintained that the "exciting" period may be explained by an acute change in the nervous and psychic character of humanity, which takes place at sunspot maxima.
Tchijevsky discovered that the solar minimum is the lag period when repression is tolerated by the masses, as if they lacked the vital energy to make the needed changes. He found that during the sunspot maximum, the movement of humans is also at its peak. Tchijevsky’s study is the foundation of sunspot theory on human behavior.

Article by James Borges, originally published in Journal of Borderland Research
(Vol. LVI, No. 1, 2000, First Quarter)

Friday, February 25, 2011

Walk this way, please.

a general
a senator
a chair
A general, engaged in secret attempts to manipulate-
a senator who holds a key-
and a chair of psychological weapons of war.
~ ~ ~

Information Operations Unit has been under orders-
to find "pressure points"-
to use against the senator-
to secretly manipulate the senator,
without the senator's knowledge.

-That Is All- 
~ ~ ~

The general’s Chief of Staff:
"What do I have to plant inside their heads?"
"My job in psy-ops is to play with people’s heads,
to get the enemy to behave the way we want them to behave."
  The weapon of choice, in this scenario, was a chair;
readily available by the psychological warfare operation.
The wholesale use of a weapon of war
– "psy ops" in the military vernacular –
to take out the key independent judgment of the senator-
whose sole responsibility is the overseeing and holding the accountability of the general.

WELCOME: You Are Here

fixin a hole....... in the ground

Tuesday, February 22, 2011

The Insanity will be the sound of the tone..............beeeeeeeep

The Performance
A defiant Moammar Gadhafi

The bizarre, volatile style.
Brown robe turban wearing reflective sunglasses,
screamed voice breaking shook fists.
Then... quietly took out a pair of reading glasses
and commenced to read from a green-covered law book...
...train of thoughts lost...a new round of shouting escalate,
a more bizarre image of Gadhafi emerges,
waving his arms wildly alone in a broken-down empty lobby,
surrounded by torn tiles dangling from the ceiling, shattered concrete pillars and bare plumbing pipes.
"Libya wants glory,
Libya wants to be at the pinnacle,
at the pinnacle of the world"
"I am a fighter,
a revolutionary from tents. ...
I will die as a martyr at the end,
to my last drop of blood."
misguided youths,
given drugs and money by a small, sick group
fomented by bearded men"
"take to the streets to attack demonstrators,
police would not interfere."
"You men and women who love Gadhafi ...
get out of your homes and fill the streets,"
"Leave your homes and attack them in their lairs."
"Go out and fight them,"
"for the defense of the revolution and the defense of Gadhafi."
"Forward, forward, forward!"
He barked while pumping fists in the air storming away from the podium;
kissed by about a dozen supporters, some in security force uniforms.
With umbrella in hand he climbed into a golf cart-like vehicle
and puttered away.

The inevitability

The just balance of Fortune's chance
She is our distributor of Fortune,
neither good nor bad,
simply in due proportion to each according to one's own reckoning.
Zealot overseer of extravagant favors conferred by Fortune's chance
She becomes bitter wormwood, feeding our resentment, caused by a disturbance of balanced proportion,
adopting a unique sense of justice,
which compels us not to allow it to pass without punishment.
No good deed goes unpunished. -Murphy's Law
The One from whom there is no escape
The inevitability that every choice has a consequence to be reckoned,
-with impartiality
-without prejudice.

bestia ligo efficio

To Bind the Human
Hidden Statements


The Holy Roman Cult College of Abbreviators, under the command of Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274),
established a legal fictional framework to control their property,
through the creation of thousands of abbreviated Medieval Latin words [terms].
Transfigured, transported, these new “hidden statements of meaning” were woven into other manufactured languages-
Anglaise and later English, French, German, Portuguese, Spanish.

' depends on what the word [term] is is.'
got it?

Par exemplar-
the abbreviation of three Medieval Latin words:
be = bestia : animal, beast.
li = ligo : to bind, tie.
ef = efficio : to do, produce, effect, make/bring about, cause/prove.
The product-
Belief - "to cause the binding of animals".
The Holy Roman Cult considered not all men and women to be members of the Elect,
but were agreed upon as nothing more than mere animals,
and as such-
the discretionary property thereof.
Papal Bull Unum Sanctum
Pope Boniface VIII
1302 anno domini
"Furthermore, we declare, we proclaim, we define
it is absolutely necessary for salvation
every human creature be subject to the Roman Pontiff".


Get It?

Invidia, oh Invidia!

a god in the manger
'it maybe your straw but it is my comfort'
revisited by a student of Protean thought

One afternoon, a god found its way into the home of some Oxen.
“Here’s a manger full of straw where I can take a cozy nap!” the god declared, and curled up to go to sleep.
Soon an Ox returned to eat of their hay and woke up the god.
Annoyed at being disturbed, the god angered loudly.
As more of the Oxen entered in, the perturbed god snapped its teeth and growled.
The god then angered even louder when they came forward to get at their straw.
The Oxen moved away in disgust.
"What a selfish god!"
said one of them to his companions,
“this god cannot eat the hay itself yet refuses to allow those of us who can!”

Monday, February 21, 2011

our conscious brain meets the eternal past present future now

Super Tuesday Kicks Off
Aired February 5, 2008 - 10:00 ET
"Rather than take someone's word for it, we look directly into their mind and body and see what's going on that they
can't control."
"The folks at Lucid say our brains are bombarded with 11 million bits of information per second.
The problem is, the conscious brain can only process about 40 pieces per second.
So, we have to decide pretty fast which of those 11 million bits to do something about."
"You don't get to think about how fast you're going to run away from a dinosaur. You really have to run."
~ ~ ~ ~ ~
Our Reckoning of the Awareness Factor
Where our conscious brain meets the eternal past present future now.
One with the silent freeway,
vistas closed to the temporal past present future now,
are opened to the eternal past present future now.
A simple choice
React prematurely-
reckon the consequences.
Proact responsibly-
reckon the consequences.
Our surfer waits for the Perfect Wave.
One with eternal horizon of past present future now.
As the Perfect Wave approaches, our surfer swims out to meet It.
One with the All that Is past present future,
our surfer transfigured whilst transported,
greets the next Perfect Wave.
~ ~ ~

Wednesday, February 16, 2011

The Hopi Survival Kit by Thomas E. Mails & Chief Dan Evehema

"The final stage,
The Great Day of Purification, has been described as a Mystery Egg
in which the forces of
the Swastika
the Sun
plus a
third force symbolized by the color red
culminate either in total rebirth or total annihilation;
we don't know which.
But the choice is yours;
war and natural catastrophe may be involved.
The degree of violence will be determined by the degree of inequity
caused among the peoples of the world and in the balance of nature.
In this crisis rich and poor will be forced to struggle as equals in order to survive."

"the dead ones"

In Columbia, there is an aboriginal tribe...
deep in the Amazon jungle... called the Kogi.
They have no language...
and "spoke" only each other.
In truth, they made little sounds, but these sounds...
were not logically arranged...
into any pattern... such as an alphabet.

They were just sounds, but these sounds...
came from the heart... not the mind...
which created images... inside your head,
and you could "see" what the other person... was communicating.

They are able to "travel" out of body clearly...
and know everything... that was happening around the world,
though they have never physically left... their homeland.
They have never even tried... to communicate..
with the outside world, except to a very fortunate few.

The Kogi... do not see us... as the "sleeping ones" of the Hindu
and Oriental religions perceive us.
The Kogi... see us as "dead".
We are not alive, but only shadows... of the energy we could be.
We do not have enough... life force energy and consciousness...
to be classified by them as real people.

And the Kogi believe... with the use of their psychic abilities,
they could see the future clearly. And what they saw...
was similar to what many other tribes... around the world saw,
a world... that was about to be destroyed...
by the misuse of consciousness.

So sometime ago... they traveled over the whole world...
in their light bodies... searching for anyone... who is alive.
And in the whole world,
they could only find one other tribe... who were Mayan...
that lived far in the jungles... of Guatemala.
They were so happy... to find someone else... who was alive.

But the Kogi belief, their prophesy, was that with the coming...
of the Eclipse... on August 11th, of 1999...
all the world... would stop
and only the Kogi and this one other Mayan tribe...
would survive to inhabit the Earth.
This is why they were so happy... to find someone else...
other than themselves... who understood.

Then when the eclipse... slowly revealed its face...
on the 11th of August,
it became apparent to the Kogi... that something had happened...
since the time... they had searched... the world for life.

Something that they could not understand...
for the "great change" had happened,
and we, the "dead" ones... were still here.
We should have dissolved back... into the Dream.
Not that they wanted us to, that was not their nature.
It simply should have happened.

So the Kogi... set out to find out...
why the "dead ones" were still on Earth, and as they searched...
the living vibrating records... of this Reality,
they found... exactly where and why... it had happened.

Some of the "dead ones", had become alive,
and had created a dream...
with enough life force...
to "save the world" as we know it.
In our terms, some of us...
had created a "parallel world",
where life could continue to grow, a world...
where the "dead" could become alive.
The Kogi... were so specific... to locate...
exactly who these people were...
that were creating this change...
that had altered the world's destiny.
The Kogi... saw these people...
with living bodies of light ... around them.
People who had activated their "Light Bodies"
or in the ancient terms, their "Mer-Ka-Ba".

The Children of the Next 1000 Years

The Kogi Mama Speaks

We work to take care of the world.
We respect the Mother Earth... We know that the land is our Mother Earth.
If we plant an orange tree or any type of tree and then dig it up by the roots it will die. Digging out the earth’s gold is the same thing. It could die. We’ve all heard many stories that the world is dying. Why is it dying? It is because they have robbed so many tombs. The world is like a person. Robbing tombs, stealing its gold, it will die. We don’t take out the earth’s gold. We know that it is there but we do not take it. We know from our divinations that the advice of the Mother is not to take the gold. We know where it is but we decide only to make offerings to it.
How is it that we are able to live? Without blood we cannot live and without bones we cannot walk. Here all the Mamas [teachers, custodians of Kogi cosmological thought] are in agreement about what it is we are going to say and how to speak. If i cut off my foot I cannot walk. When they [the Younger Brothers, us] dig into the earth and take it’s gold it is the same thing....Gold has it’s own thought and it can speak. It is a living being. They must stop stealing it.
If they take all the gold the world will end. The Mothers of banana trees, of all the trees and of all the birds, they have all been stolen. They are cutting off the flesh of the Mother’s body. They have taken everything. They have stolen the spirits of all things from the Mother. They are stealing the very spirit and thought of the Mother...
It is the mountains which make the waters, the rivers and the clouds. If the trees are felled they will not produce any more water. We do not cut down the trees that grow by rivers, we know that they protect the water. We do not cut down huge areas of forest like the Younger Brother does, we cut small clearings for our fields. The Mother told us not to cut down many trees, so we cut very few, tiny patches.
If the Younger Brother keeps cutting down all the trees, there will be fires because the sun will heat the earth.... We are the Elder Brothers so we have to think clearly....
Younger Brother, stop doing it. You have already taken so much. We need water to live. The Mother told us how to live properly and how to think well. We’re still here and we haven’t forgotten anything.
The earth is decaying, it is losing its strength because they have taken away much petrol, coal, many minerals. Younger Brother thinks, Yes! Here I am! I know much about the universe! But this knowing is learning to destroy the world, to destroy everything, all humanity.... The Mother is suffering. They have broken her teeth and taken out her eyes and ears. She vomits, she has diarrhoea, she is ill.
If we cut off our arms, we can’t work, if we cut off our legs, we can’t walk. That is how it is with the Mother. The Mother is suffering. She has nothing.
Does the Younger Brother understand what he has done? Does he?

Message from the Kogi revisited

From the beginning in Colombia
everything, everything remained as it
among us,
the native people;
the same belief, the same mask,
the same dance.
Everything well organised, in order,
A terrace for every animal.
Younger brother was permitted in
other places,
other countries.
There was a dividing line, the sea.
He said, ‘Younger Brother that side,
Elder Brother this side.
You cannot cross it.’
Because this Colombia was the heart of
The world,
Of the whole universe.
But Younger Brother came from
another country
and immediately saw gold
and immediately began to rob.
There were golden images,
golden oracles.
The Mama prophesied with golden
he had a golden tuma,
he had everything
and Younger Brother took it all to
another country.
Now the Mama grows sad,
he feels weak.
He says that the earth is decaying.
The earth is losing its strength
Because they have taken away much
many minerals.
A human being has much liquid inside.
If the liquid dries up we fall with
This same thing can happen to the
Weakness makes you fall,
So the earth catches diseases of all
The animals die.
The trees dry up.
People fall ill.
Many illnesses will appear
And there will be no cure for them
Because the Younger Brother is among us,
Younger Brother is violating
The basic foundation of the world’s law
A total violation.
Building highways,
Extracting petrol,
We tell you,
We the people of this place,
that is the violation
So the Mamas say,
please BBC
no one else should come here,
no more ransacking
because the earth wants to collapse,
the earth grows weak,
we must protect it,
we must respect it,
because he does not respect the earth,
because he does not respect it.’
Younger Brother thinks,
Yes! Here I am! I know much about
the universe!
But this knowing is learning to destroy
the world,
to destroy everything,
all humanity.
The earth feels, they take out petrol, it
feels pain there.
So the earth sends out sickness.
There will be many medicines,
but in the end the drugs will not be of
any use.
The Mamas say that this tale must be
by the Younger Brother.

Saturday, February 12, 2011

SIGN: Do Not Feed The Petty Tyrants

The Key of Mysteries
Aye, when the blood was offered, forth came they to dwell among men.
In the form of man moved they amongst us, but only to sight where they as are men.
Serpent-headed when the glamour was lifted but appearing to man as men among men.
Crept they into the Councils, taking forms that were like unto men.
Slaying by their arts the chiefs of the kingdoms, taking their form and ruling o'er man.
Only by magic could they be discovered.
Only by sound could their faces be seen.
Sought they from the kingdom of shadows to destroy man and rule in his place.

But, know ye, the Masters were mighty in magic,
able to lift the Veil from the face of the serpent,
able to send him back to his place.
Came they to man and taught him the secret,
the Word that only a man can pronounce.
Swift then they lifted the Veil from the serpent and cast him forth from place among men.

Yet, beware, the serpent still liveth in a place that is open at times to the world.
Unseen they walk among thee in places where the rites have been said.
Again as time passes onward shall they take the semblance of men.

Called may they be by the master who knows the white or the black,
but only the white master may control and bind them while in the flesh.

Seek not the kingdom of shadows, for evil will surely appear.
For only the master of brightness shall conquer the shadow of fear.
Know ye, O my brother, that fear is an obstacle great.
Be master of all in the brightness, the shadow will soon disappear.
Hear ye and heed my wisdom, the voice of Light is clear.
Seek not the valley of shadow, and Light only will appear.

Wednesday, February 9, 2011

a play in three tablets

Tablet I
Creation myth about the Sumerian Tri-Chief gods
Anu, Enlil, Enki- "when gods were in the ways of men".
The Cleromancy Tri-Chief Decision-
Sky to be ruled by Anu,
Earth by Enlil,
Freshwater Sea by Enki.
Enlil put to task the lesser divinity to do farm labor and maintain the rivers and canals.
Years had passed, when these dingirs rebelled and refused to do strenuous labor.
Enki, who is also the kind, wise counselor of the gods,
proposed instead of punishing all the rebels,
sacrifice one
that humans may be created to do their work.
Belit-ili the womb-goddess is present,
Let the womb-goddess create offspring,
And let man bear the load of the gods!
Scapegoat Ring Leader to be Their Sacrifice-
The Mother of Womb Goddess Mami Nin is assigned the task of creating humans-
from shaped clay figurines she mixed with the flesh and blood of their sacrificed lesser deity Geshtu-e,
"a god who had intelligence", meaning "ear", "wisdom".
All the lesser gods in turn spit upon the muddled sacrificial clay.
Ten months had past, whence Mami Nin's specially made womb breaks open and humans are born.
The womb-goddesses were assembled
He [Enki] trod the clay in her presence;
She kept reciting an incantation,
For Enki, staying in her presence, made her recite it.
When she had finished her incantation,
She pinched off fourteen pieces of clay,
And set seven pieces on the right,
Seven on the left.
Between them she put down a mud brick.
When the tenth month came,
She [birth-goddess] slipped in a staff and opened the womb.
Tablet II
Dealing with the overpopulation of humans
Tri-Chief god Enlil sends first famine and drought at formulaic intervals of 1200 years to reduce the population.
Enlil is a nasty capricious god.
Enki is a kind helpful god.
Enlil's decision to destroy humankind with a flood,
Enki bound by an oath to keep the plan secret.
The country was as noisy as a bellowing bull
The God grew restless at their racket,
Enlil had to listen to their noise.
He addressed the great gods,
'The noise of mankind has become too much,
I am losing sleep over their racket.
Give the order that surrupu-disease shall break out.'
When the second year arrived
They had depleted the storehouse.
When the third year arrived
The people's looks were changed by starvation.
When the fourth year arrived
Their upstanding bearing bowed,
Their well-set shoulders slouched,
The people went out in public hunched over.
When the fifth year arrived,
A daughter would eye her mother coming in;
A mother would not even open her door to her daughter. . . .
When the sixth year arrived
They served up a daughter for a meal,
Served up a son for food.
Tablet III
Atrahasis of Shuruppak
The Tri-Chief god Enki warns the human hero Atrahasis ("Extremely Wise") of Shuruppak,
speaking through a reed wall (an oracle):
to dismantle his house and build a boat
to escape the flood planned by the Triune Enlil to destroy humankind.
The boat is to have a roof "like Apsu" (a fresh water marsh next to the temple of Enki),
upper and lower decks, and to be sealed with bitumen.
Wall, listen constantly to me!
Reed hut, make sure you attend to all my words!
Dismantle the house, build a boat, . . .
Roof it like the Apsu
So the sun cannot see inside it!
Make upper decks and lower decks,
The tackle must be very strong,
The bitumen strong . . .
Atrahasis boards the boat with his family and animals and seals the door.
The storm and flood begin.
Even the gods are afraid.
Like a wild ass screaming the winds howled
The darkness was total, there was no sun. . . .
As for Nintu the Great Mistress,
Her lips became encrusted with rime.
The great gods, the Annuna,
Stayed parched and famished.
The goddess watched and wept . . .
After seven days the flood ends and Atrahasis offers sacrifices to the gods.
Enlil is furious with Enki for violating his oath.
But Enki denies violating his oath and argues:
"I made sure life was preserved."
Our Polemic dieties, Enki and Enlil, agree on other means for controlling the human population.

Tuesday, February 8, 2011

allowing ourselves to view the Universe as It views Itself

the observer's knowledge of the actual state is close to the truth,
the very act of observation and verification causes a quantum jump,
The resultant
an organized pure state of being.
the observer's knowledge of the actual state is false,
atrophy hinders a change,
The resultant
a chaotic state of being.
To attempt to create reality opposed to what IS
adds to an increase of chaos and entropy.
Beliefs counter to the truth,
no matter how strongly one believes them,
comes into conflict with how The Universe views Itself.
Allowing ourselves to view The Universe as It views Itself,
objectively, without blinking,
with acceptance of reality,
flowing with how things really are,
we then become one within The Creative Energy of Uncreated Creator.
Our very consciousness becomes a resonator of order energy,
our actions are effortless with what IS.
Our allowing the energy of observation, given unconditionally,
matched by effortless actions,
flows the pure order from chaos,
created out of the infinite potential.
The effortless view of The Universe as It views Itself with an objective acceptance,
even in the face of what might be horrible,
can actually lead to amelioration of that horror.
To view The Universe and to deny the truth,
to insist that one can believe whatever one wants to believe and thereby make it so,
is to deny reality and contributes to the chaos, the destruction, the suffering.
It is not whether or not one "believes" in good things or bad things that makes good things or bad things happen.
It is the factual observation of reality and whether or not it leads to a true assessment or a fatal deception.

What is the solution?
The TRUTH - as close to It as we can objectively get.

a feeling called cognitive dissonance

"Sometimes people hold a core belief that is very strong.
When they are presented with evidence that works against that belief,
the new evidence cannot be accepted.
It would create a feeling that is extremely uncomfortable,
called cognitive dissonance.
And because it is so important to protect the core belief,
they will rationalize,
ignore and even deny anything
that doesn't fit in with the core belief."

- Frantz Fanon

Friday, February 4, 2011

the room of forgotten souls

Polemic Tribulation Time Perception

from the Greek Septuigent-
compression, pressure
Polemic tribulation time perception
bipolar conscious states fluctuating time perception.
"time flies when having fun" as opposed to "waiting for the water to boil".
A child's unconditioned perception of time
-is diametrically opposed to-
an adult's percieved conditioned response to time.
Thus forms a theory of time being a factor of age.
Freezing Time-
the act of a manipulation
of our unconditioned/conditioned perceptions,
precisely upon the cusp of a major paradigm shift.
A final polemic equation:
x = Unconditioned
y = Conditioned
z = Sophia the child from True Source
x = Love
y = Hate
z = Earth the Eve from The Chaos
x = Option of Choice
y = Option of Choice
z = Buoyancy of reckoning The Gift